Across the wider Asia Pacific region, consumers are tech-savvy and expect high levels of customer service. FinTech driven personal financial services applications and banking are a regular part of consumers lives, with firms such as Alipay and Tencent offering payment services in China and further afield.
Yet, personal banking in Hong Kong still remains a manual, cumbersome process with the antiquated cheque still dominating the payments landscape. Face-to-face interaction with a teller remains common, as does the need for numerous mandatory touchpoints and physical documentation submission for onboarding. With only 53% of Hong Kong banking customers being satisfied with their banks it’s clear why 2018 saw the issue of a notice for applicants for virtual banking licences in Hong Kong by the HKMA (Hong Kong Monetary Authority).
One of the key driving forces for the HKMA to issue virtual banking licenses has been to increase competition in the sector, spurring on innovation and driving better outcomes for consumers. Around thirty applications for Hong Kong banking licences were received from a variety of firms, both from the banking and technology sectors.
Non-banking organisations, such as large technology players, have long been leaders in developing customer-centric experiences using cutting edge technology. Virtual banking in Hong Kong will be no different as we expect these organisations to not just re-imagine banking, but disrupt it. Through large distribution networks as well as hardware based technologies we expect to see everything from lending, payments and e-commerce platforms find a fresh, new look. These challenger banks will have reduced bureaucracy and less established decision making processes allowing innovation to flourish.
To combat new entrants, numerous incumbent banks have applied for a virtual banking license in Hong Kong including Standard Chartered Bank, Bank of China and Bank of East Asia. While these banks have more rigid structures, they also have long established KYC and AML procedures that meet the HKMA’s standards. This is not something that can be said for the challenger banks, who are new to the complexity of regulatory regimes.
We also expect banking organisations to use Hong Kong as a virtual banking hub putting even more importance on getting the onboarding process right. The ability to remotely onboard new customers opens the client base from the domestic Hong Kong market to the wider region.
The typical Hong Kong customer has a busy lifestyle and expects any banking product to support this while still being unique to their needs. Consumers expect real-time payments and accessibility to different products through one centralised mobile-enhanced platform. The right FinTech platform will provide that. A recent study highlighted that:
consumers are drawn to FinTech services because propositions are simpler, more convenient, more transparent and more readily personalized.
Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have considerably different needs which virtual banks are also looking to address in the first phases of their roll out plans. The SME and business banking sector is ripe for disruption as many remain underbanked or in most cases, underserved. Many small businesses have had significant issues in obtaining and maintaining accounts with incumbent banks due to tightening customer due diligence requirements and de-risking. This is set to change.
New virtual banks in Hong Kong will be able to re-imagine banking from a customer-centric perspective and build from the ground up. As digital strategies will be implemented from the outset, banks will be able to cut away unnecessary fat, bringing a differentiated proposition to market. We can expect to see a significantly streamlined customer experience initiated by vastly improved remote onboarding (eKYC).
For new virtual banks in Hong Kong, digitization and automation are the building blocks for success. By centralising and standardising back office functions it is possible to automate the customer and user workflows. Processing new applicant information using intelligent automation techniques will allow for seamless processing of customer information to create a frictionless onboarding experience.
AML will not be compromised as a result of the drive for a better customer journey. The ability for the new virtual banks to integrate numerous technologies from biometric identity verification and ultimate beneficial owner discovery to AML screening and adverse media screening is hugely important in the fight against financial crime.
Take, for example the ID checks, new clients will be able use selfies as part of the onboarding process bypassing the need for physical identity checks. The biometric checks are not only the safest form of identity check but the fastest and most flexible. Consumers in Hong Kong are about to witness a completely new way of banking and remote onboarding will be the very start of the journey.
David has over twenty years of Financial Services experience working in banks and solution providers solving challenges and managing risks across Onboarding, Data, KYC and Collateral (PB & OTC), and has a strong understanding of the front to back and end to end process and business. He is an experienced BAU manager with a track record for bringing transformational change by defining or refining Operating and engagement models, establishing or aligning functions and creating a culture and passion for change within teams.
He is a recognised industry thought leader and transformational change agent across the regulatory landscape within Asia Pacific for local rules and the impact of global reforms to local business.
Connect with David on LinkedIn.
Encompass’ intelligent process automation conducts live document and data collection, analysis and integration from public and premium sources to bring transparency to complex corporate structures and ultimate beneficial ownership, delivering the most accurate and complete KYC on demand.